Failure to comply with the prescription treatment by the doctor may cause relapse or complications.
Drafting Supplements – Take one capsule every six hours for three days, two tablets every eight hours for five days and a tablet every 12 hours for ten days.
With so many medications at different times and in different doses, who does not forget to take them?, and worse, who has not taken the same medicine twice?
Following a treatment to the letter is complex, but doing so is necessary to prevent the disease from prolonging or other complications arise.
“It is very important that the patient follow the doctor’s instructions as to how much medicine to take and schedule it should do so, because the therapeutic effect depends on the right amount of drugs in the body,” says Lourdes Garza Ocañas, pharmaceutical chemistry.
“The fact that the patient takes the medication at the indicated time and dose allows that with each shot the concentration of this one is restored and it is maintained in the organism in the indicated quantity to produce the expected effect”.
Respect the schedule and dosage
In the definition of dose, two very important parameters must be considered: the concentration of the drug, which refers to the milligrams or milliliters depending on the type of drug, and the time, that is, how many hours and how many days it must be taken.
“In the case of antibiotics used to treat infections, the patient must adhere to the schedule and the duration of the treatment, because if it does not comply with the medical indications, a relapse may occur,” Garza Ocanas explains.
“For example, if the antibiotic was indicated for seven days, but the patient shortens the treatment and suspends it after three days because it feels better, the lack of adherence to its treatment can lead to a bacterial resistance that prolongs and complicates the evolution of the illness”.
There are some medications that are indicated in the meal schedule or prescription hope, whether they are given together with the food or afterwards to avoid irritating the stomach.
Others are suggested to take them on an empty stomach, can be taken a few hours before or two hours after eating to prevent food from interfering with the absorption of the drug and its passage into the bloodstream.
“There are some medications that are not as effective if they are administered at a time that is not appropriate, for example, most drugs used to lower cholesterol levels are indicated to be taken just before sleep, since the Our body’s production of cholesterol is higher at night than in the morning, “warns the specialist.
“The patient must respect that schedule so that the medication has a better effect, the same happens with some drugs used to treat hypertension.”
When the patient does not respect the schedule or the dose indicated by the doctor, for example, there is the risk of overdosing, whose toxic effects depend on the type of medication he is taking.
“For example, if instead of taking the medicine every eight hours as indicated by the doctor they take it every four hours, or if they forget to take the midday pill and in the next take two pills, they are practices that should not be done because they exceed the doses and alter the effects of the medications, “says Garza Ocañas.
Any medication must be administered with caution; However, there are certain drugs that require special attention, such as those used to treat epilepsy or seizures, for the control of diabetes or drugs with narrow therapeutic margin, which can easily cause intoxication when the suggested dose is not respected.
“The indication of the doctor must always be respected, even if a dose corresponds to one hour in the early morning, it must be taken,” says Garza Ocañas.
“In case the patient is an older adult, it is recommended that there be a person in charge of administering the medications or supervising compliance at the assigned time and dose.”