The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped structure located right under the voice box. It produces hormones that control the entire metabolic system of the body, that is, the conversion of food into energy. Thyroid hormones also help regulate body temperature and the functions of several organs. Suffice it to say that any thyroid issues can cause serious problems. However, there are safe and efficient methods to solve these conditions, and you don’t have to wait in line at a hospital to fix a surgery appointment anymore. You can book surgery packages online with the click of a button.
Some of the most common thyroid problems are (i) Nodules or tumours on the thyroid are usually benign, but can be malignant at times. Even benign tumours can grow large enough to block the throat and affect eating, talking and breathing. (ii) Hyperthyroidism is the overproduction of thyroid hormones. This leads to an increase in heart rate, muscle loss and weakness. In severe cases, it can lead to a condition called Grave’s disease. (iii) A goitre is caused by the enlargement of the thyroid gland, which can obstruct the throat. Goitres can be the result of cancer, Grave’s disease or hypothyroidism (reduced production of thyroid hormone).
Surgery is the recommended course of action after all other treatments have been attempted. Thyroid-removal surgery, known as thyroidectomy, involves removing either the entire thyroid gland or just a section of it. During the operation, the surgeon will carefully make an incision on the thyroid gland, and extract however much is required. Due to the small size of the thyroid and its location, the surgery may take more than two hours. There are minimal risks associated with a thyroidectomy, such as hoarseness of voice or difficulty speaking, but this will pass in a few weeks. While surgery usually is an expensive process, the cost of thyroid removal surgery is rather low in India when compared to western countries. Please look up the thyroid surgery cost in Mumbai so you have a better idea of what fits your budget.
There are three main types of thyroid surgery. They are:
- Lobectomy: If the surgeon finds that the problem only persists in one of the thyroid gland lobes, they will remove only the affected lobe. As enough of the thyroid tissue still remains, the thyroid functions are largely unaffected.
- Subtotal thyroidectomy: In this scenario, the surgeon removes almost all of the thyroid gland, but leaves behind a small bit of thyroid tissue. After surgery, the doctor will observe the removed part for any cancerous tissue. If cancer is present, total thyroidectomy is the next step.
- Total thyroidectomy: In this type of surgery, the entire thyroid gland is removed from the body. It is recommended when the thyroid swelling or inflammation is across the whole gland. It is also the only option for thyroid cancer.
Soreness is a common result post-surgery, and the patient might have to take rest for a few days before they can return to an active lifestyle. In the long run, subtotal and total thyroidectomy patients will have to take thyroid hormone supplements for the rest of their lives to keep their metabolism running smoothly. The doctor will conduct a few blood test to check for hormone levels before prescribing the right dosage of the hormone supplements.