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The importance of PEP in HIV Infection

Post Exposure Prophylaxis or PEP is a vaccine that is given in order to protect oneself from HIV infection. Post Exposure Prophylaxis should be used only in emergency situations and must be started within 72 hours after a recent possible exposure to HIV. Suppose if you have recently had unprotected sex with your partner or shared needles then it is better talk to your health care provider or an emergency room doctor about PEP right away. They can advise and guide you in a best way. If any medication is needed then they can also advise you to do so.

Proper application of Post Exposure Prophylaxis: Now let’s have a glance at different sides of HIV PEP.

  • To be very specific PEP should be applied only during emergency situations and must be started within 72 hours after a recent possible exposure to HIV. PEP is not an alternative for regular use of other proven HIV prevention methods, which means taking HIV medicines daily to lower your chance of getting infected; using condoms at the time you have sex; and secondly using only your own new, sterile needles and works every time you inject.
  • Post Exposure Prophylaxis or PEP is quite effective, but not at all 100%, so should you always use condoms while having sex with your partner and safe injection practices while taking PEP. These preventive measures can protect you from being exposed to HIV again and reduce the chances of transmitting HIV to others if you do become infected while you’re on PEP.
  • Occupational transmission of HIV to health care workers is extremely rare, and the proper use of safety devices and barriers can help minimize the risk of exposure while caring for patients with HIV.
  • In fact there are many questions that may arise in relation to Post Exposure Prophylaxis. For other enquires you may contact and visit
  • For many people who are accidentally exposed to HIV, PEP provides a single opportunity to prevent HIV after exposure.

Some basic information’s about PEP: It has been seen that some basic facts are very much needed on PEP. It can be used as guidelines for the general people. It will also help people to know more about Post Exposure Prophylaxis.

  • Firstly if someone starts PEP, the less likely it is to prevent HIV infection. The best time to start PEP is immediately after exposure. However, PEP has some ability to prevent HIV infection up to 72 hours after infection.

 PEP must be prescribed by a doctor. Basically it can be commented that, people need to be able to access services that are always open, such as emergency rooms. As a service provider, it may be important for you to know if there is a physician or healthcare facility in your area willing to prescribe PEP. If there are no such options then your organization can inform local clinicians of PEP and push for access to PEP for your clients.

  • PEP is used to prevent HIV, not to treat it. People who go to a healthcare facility for PEP will be tested for HIV. PEP may either be discontinued or the anti-HIV drugs may be changed to HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) to treat the person’s HIV infection.
  • The cost of a full course of PEP is estimated to be approximately $1100 to $1500. PEP may be covered by some private insurance plans and some public health insurance plans, depending on the province and the nature of the exposure. However, many at-risk individuals may not have access to any drug coverage and may not be able to afford it. There must be a need for advocacy in your area or province to fight for universal access to PEP.
  • Depending on the anti-HIV drugs prescribed, people may experience side effects from PEP, such as fatigue, nausea or diarrhoea. This can also prevent people to stop taking their PEP drugs as prescribed, which can after wards decrease the ability of the medications to prevent HIV infection and increase the likelihood of being infected with a drug-resistant strain of HIV.

Thus it can be said from the above discussion that PEP is a very vital vaccine in case of HIV infection.